History and Attractions in Lisbon and Portugal
History and Attractions in Lisbon and Portugal
By: Robert Carlton - [travel]
The country is divided into 11 regions, with 18 districts headed by a Governor and these districts each have their own Town hall and Mayor.
Portuguese Traditions Since Early Times
At the beginning, Portugal was not differentiated from the northern part of Spain called Galicia because it was a homogeneous cultural unit. The first boundary stone was initiated in the Neolithic period when the Castrena Culture began with fortified huts in a circular pattern topped with cone shaped straw roofs. While in the fertile southern plains the Tartarians, Greeks and Phoenicians started rich colonies, in the rough and granate like north of Portugal, the Lusitanians presented their resistance. The Roman conquist put an end to this domain and for the first time in history, the Portuguese territory was separated from the Galician. Braga was named the first capital of the Swabian kings who reigned in Portugal from 408 to 585. Later the Visigods, who had been established in Spain expanded their land into Portugal. But as all the Iberian Peninsula, the Arabs extended their powerful arm and in 711 also reach the south. But for unknown reasons, the Arabs left Portugal, only leaving behind their culture and architecture.
But Henry of Borgona, who was Earl of Portugal and the father-in-law of King Alfonso VI of Castilla had his own plans for Portugal and it was his son, Alfonso Henry, after a decisive battle in Guimaraes was proclaimed King of Portugal in 1128. From here, his successors extended the territory up until in the XIII the Portuguese territory was completed.
In 1415, King Joao I wanted to conquer more lands and started a campaign into the African territories. This impulse also sent Portuguese naval ships to occupy Madeira in 1418 and the Azores in 1427. But they did not stop there, as we all know they reached the Brazilian coast too.
Leaving Portugal without any heirs, Philip II of Spain, who was born from the daughter of the king of Portugal, was proclaimed King in 1580. But in 1640 with the Treaty of Lisbon, Spain gave it its independence.
Coming up to more modern times, Portugal joined the Atlantic Treaty in 1949 and the United Nations in 1955 . After having gone through many types of political parties, Portugal nowadays is a stable country open to the world.
A Quick over view of Portugal
Portugal has a seducing enchantment and anyone who surrenders to it will never regret it. The best way to see Portugal is to do it by car and very slowly. By car because it is the most comfortable way to stop and see all the spellbinding scenery that this amazing place has to offer. It is known as the country with 101 castle and we would like to see quite a few. Slowly, because the road ways, not main highways, are very sinuous.
Lisbon capital and heart of Portugal
I would recommend starting out from Lisbon, the capital of Portugal and its surrounding towns. Lisbon is a city which makes you feel that time has never gone by, not only because of its architecture but thanks to the people themselves and for not being in a hurry. You can begin at the center in the Plaza do Comercio, set right on the River Tajo and either head down towards the water and along the port promenade or into the hub of the city to visit the numerous churches, monuments and living history unfolding before your eyes.
Once you have visited the city, I would head for the surrounding towns only a few hours to the south in the region called El Algarve. There are incredible fishing towns and beautiful sandy beaches. Once you have relax for a day or two, it would interesting to venture into the countryside and take direction setting north to the Alentejo region. The main city in this region is called Evora. The oldest monument in the town dates back to the II or III c. and it is the temple of Diana - A real architectural beauty. There is a Pousada, reconverted castles and palaces made into historical lodgings which are all over the Portuguese geography. Still heading north but towards the Atlantic we come across One of the most symbolic Catholic cities in the world, Fatima. Whether you are a believer or not, everyone has a favour or burning desire to help someone with problems and the profound religious ambience found here is very special. An from the religious to the intellect when we feast our sight on the very old university city of Coimbra. Just visiting the university grounds is a trip in itself. Still going up the coast, we come to the River Duero and the city of Porto or sometimes called Oporto. This area together with the Mino River valley make up the fertile vineyards for the famous Oporto wine. Other than enjoying the green vegetation which are the green grapes that make up this delicious wine, we can sip a few samples of the different varieties and see the process at some wine cellars.
Lick your lips and dig in. Let's see, I will try some Alentejana soup which are morsel of bread with coriander herbs, garlic and poached egg. Or maybe Cacao soup made from fresh fish. If it is chilly, I would like to try a typical meat dish called Pork a la Alentejana which is pork seasoned with wine, coriandro herb, onions and crushed almonds. Rabbit, hare or partridge with white beans can also warm your heart and stomache. Spread some creamy sheep cheese on some toasted bread or some hard, cured cheese from Evora with a touch of olive oil. Cod fish done in a hundred different ways, especially with tomatoes, onions, garlic and boiled potatoes which are all national products. To accompany all this scrumptious food we need the right wine. And flaky almond pastries to finish it all off.
Let yourself be overwhelmed by Portugal's picturesque details, shades of green, enticing bodies of water, tiled murals, white washed houses and the warm feeling that the Portuguese offer to all passerbyer. The result is a total success, living up to your every dream.
Living at the iberian peninsula, Robert Carlton writes travel and city reports for various online and offline magazines. You can reach him at his website at http://www.lisbon-and-portugal.com .
Visit Site: Lisbon Portugal